Whenever venturing to tackle a problem (particularly collaboratively), it is absolutely integral that such a problem is adequately defined.

So, what is gender-based violence?

The European Institute for Gender Equality defines it as such:

‘”Gender-based violence” and “violence against women” are terms that are often used interchangeably as most gender-based violence is inflicted by men on women and girls. However, it is important to retain the ‘gender-based’ aspect of the concept as this highlights the fact that violence against women is an expression of power inequalities between women and men.’

To break it down,

‘“[G]ender‐based violence against women” shall mean violence that is directed against a woman because she is a woman or that affects women disproportionately[.]’

[V]iolence against women” is understood as a violation of human rights and a form of discrimination against women and shall mean all acts of gender‐based violence that result in, or are likely to result in, physical, sexual, psychological or economic harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life[.]’

Specifically, gender-based violence is:

Breast ironing

Acid throwing

Domestic violence

Female Genital Mutilation

Foot binding

Forced marriage/ pregnancy/abortion/prostitution

Human trafficking

Bride burning

Dowry death

Honour killing




Sexual assault

Rape (date, gang, genocidal, war, marital, etc.)

Sexual slavery

And the list goes on. All of these things affect women and girls exclusively or disproportionately. These are terrifying and, perhaps, foreign concepts to many people. But, perhaps, the most important thing to understand about much of gender-based violence is how normalised it can be. Many women and, particularly, young girls who are victims of such violence continue to think that they have never experienced gender-based violence. This is because many forms of gender-based violence is ingrained in societies around the world. In many cases, such violence is even protected by law. This varies in extremes and from country to country. But women around the world (rich, poor, all ethnicities, and from first to third world countries,) endure some form of normalisation of violence against them. Which makes gender-based violence exponentially more dangerous.

I’ll leave you with an extremely powerful video entitled Dear Daddy that explores this normalisation and how it is up to us all, men and women, to break the cycles of normalisation that allow gender-based violence to continue in our countries, schools, neighbourhoods, and homes.

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